1820: By this time, there’d been great decline in the Old Dominion (see The Dominion of Memories book).
Also, Virginia Historical Society article by Ammon, citing agricultural decline as tied to opposition to nationalism in “The Richmond Junto”:
This rejection was intimately related to the general bankruptcy of the Old Dominion following the long years of the Embargo and the war. The general agricultural im-poverishment, which was in many ways the result of century-old soil exhaustion and wasteful methods of cultivation, reached a critical condition immediately after the war [of 1812]. The Virginia planters were saddled with debts, and even the high prices that prevailed for a few years immediately after the war ended were of little advantage to them. Planters were everywhere on the verge of ruin – many left the state for more fertile regions. Those who remained devoted their energies to testing new crops, new fertilizers, and new techniques. The loss was not merely individual. The population and wealth of the state steadily declined, and concomitantly the political power of Virginia in the nation waned.
The Virginians would try – through Roane and state rights – to reclaim the mantle of preeminence. Some Virginians were “more Southern than anyone else.”