1884: From Lyon G. Tyler, The Life and Times of the Tylers (published 1884):
All parties that have ever existed in this country have been representatives of either one or two principles. They have treated the government as either master or servant. The tendency to treat the government as master has been termed Federalism, while the tendency in the other direction appeared first under the name of Republicanism. Regarded in the first relation, the government is expected to direct exclusively the energies of the nation; it must find employment for the people, and if nothing useful can be suggested, then it must build Chinese walls and Egyptian pyramids to keep the poor people in employment and money. It must not only build schools, but force the children to attend. It must hot-bed amid the snows of Maine the cotton-plant of Texas, and build ice-houses in Texas for the comfort and prosperity of the moose.
The Republican doctrine is the reverse of this. Instead of a parent or master, the government is a mere trustee or attorney. It can afford facilities, but it ought never to force. Whenever the abridgment of individual right is demanded, it must be justified on the soundest expediency. In a word, its authority is limited by necessity, and in all other conditions, non-intervention is the golden rule. It believes that private enterprise will always keep pace with the development of society, and that the intermeddling of government will surely lead to swindling, speculation, corruption and stock-jobbing.