A Guide to the Latane Family Papers
Accession number 6490
A Collection in the Special Collections Department

Contact Information:
University of Virginia Library
Alderman Library
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia 22903
Phone: (804) 924-3025
Fax: (804) 924-3143
Email: mssbks@virginia.edu

© 1997 By the Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia. All rights reserved.
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Collection is open to research.
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Descriptive Summary

Repository: University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept. Alderman Library University of Virginia Charlottesville, Virginia 22903 USA
Collection Number: 6490
Title: Latane Family Papers 1650-1898

Extent: ca. 710 items
Language: English
Collector: Lucy Temple Latane and James A. Latane, Jr.

Scope and Content

This collection of papers, 1650-1898, consists of ca. 710 items pertaining to the Latane familyof Essex County, Virginia. Included are correspondence, business and legal papers, papers re military and religious matters, school notebooks, and certificates of graduation from schools at the University of Virginia.

Although little seems to be known or published about the Latane family, valuable information may be found in Parson Latane 1672-1732 by Lucy Temple Latane (Mss CS71.L347 1936); Essex County, Virginia: Its Historic Homes, Landmarks and Traditions edited by Essex County Woman’s Club (F232.E7E7 1940); and, Settlers, Southerners, Americans: The History of Essex County, Virginia 1608-1984 by James B. Slaughter (F232.E7S5 1985).

The early eighteenth century correspondence contains many letters from Henry Lataneand his wife, Anne Latane, London, England, to his brother, Lewis Latane(1672-1732) and his third wife, Mary (Deane) Latane(1685-1765), South Farnham Parish, Essex County. Some of the letters are written in French but the majority of them are in English. During the 1720s, Henry frequently advised Lewis to grow another crop besides tobacco, saying that Europe could not consume all that comes from America. In a letter of January 13, 1730, Henry is “impatient to know what the fate of Europe whether warr or Peace everything seems to tend to a Crisis …,” possibly referring to the trade conflict between England and Spain.

After her husband’s death in 1732, Mary (Deane) Latane managed the property that came to her and her children, with the help of her cousin, William Beverley(1698-1756). There are several letters, 1733-1750, from Beverley discussing the settlement of her husband’s estate and the sale of her tobacco. In addition, there are business correspondence, bills of lading, invoices, and other papers concerning the sale of tobacco.

Letters of interest include correspondence of Spencer Roane(1762-1822), King and Queen County, and William Latane(1750-1811), Essex County, July 1791-August 1792, concerning the deed and survey for the “Mount Clement Trail of Land,” and another on July 25, 1804 re the suit of Braxton vs Roane; letters on April 19, 1825, June 13, 1826, and November 18, 1826, from James Montague, Harden County, Kentucky, to friends in Essex County, concerning various aspects of life in Kentucky such as the conflict between anti-relief and relief parties, tobacco sales, and prices of corn, flour, cotton, whiskey, et al.; one on June 9, 1854, from Rev. Henry W. L. Temple, Wayland, to James Allen Latane, University of Virginia, discussing Bishop William Meade’s visit; and, several letters, October 25, 1864, December 4, 1871, February 2 and June 15, 1883, and June 13, 1885, from Thomas S. Watson, Bracketts, chiefly to Julia A. Holladay, Botetourt County, Virginia, mentioning news of family and friends, new dwellings built on Ionia, and his being disqualified as a member of the legislature.

Letters pertaining to black history include one of December 10, 1772, from Samuel Peachey, Jr., Occoquan Furnace, to William Latane, Essex County, asking him to send a young black at Christmas because the latter wants to learn the blacksmith trade; one of November 10, 1788, from Bartlett Williams, New Kent, to William Latane, Essex County, complaining about Latane’s man Ephraim corrupting his blacks, and requesting that he not be permitted to visit his plantation; a circular, February 27, 1794, referring to the transportation of slaves from Africa to the West-India islands; one of February 28, 1809, from S. Chenault, Nelson County, Kentucky, re the “elopement” of Franklin and his recovery by a Captain Lafon who kept him in his possession for awhile; correspondence between Henry Waring Latane(1782-1860), Essex County, and his brother-in-law, John Temple( -1812), Parkersburg, re the death of Temple’s father and the division of his slaves at “Goldberry,” December 10, 1811 and January 8, 1812; and, one of June 13, 1885, from Thomas S. Watson, Bracketts, to Julia A. Holladay, Botetourt County, mentioning the poisoning of some children by a black woman.

The business papers are comprised of accounts and administrative and estate papers as well as general correspondence and papers. The accounts are chiefly for members of the Latane and Waring families, and, to a lesser extent, for members of the Allen familyand Temple family. The administrative and estate papers concern the estates of William Peachey( -1700), Lewis Latane(1672-1732), Robert Payne Waring(-1799?), William Latane(1750-1811), John Temple( -1812), Lewis Dix( -1815?), James Allen( -1820?), Ann Latane( -1820?), and Henry Waring Latane(1782-1860). Also, there are business papers pertaining to black history; and, a separate itemized listing has been compiled.

The legal papers contain many indentures, land grants and plats/surveys for lands in Essex County, King and Queen County, and Rappahannock County. These papers are helpful in determining ownership of lands held by the Latane Family, Roane Family, Allen Family, and Dix Family. In addition, there are copies of wills for members of the Latane, Roane, Allen, and Dix families. The wills also contain references to the division of blacks among the families.

There are also genealogical, military, and religious material. The military papers, 1814-1828, pertain chiefly to James Allen’s career as captain in the Virginia militia and include abstracts of forage, regimental orders, receipt for arms, detailed returns of arms accoutrements, and rosters of officers and other personnel. Among the miscellaneous papers is a small group of material concerning religious matters, particularly having to do with South Farnham Parishin Essex County. Included are a letter, December 17, 1716, from Alexander Spotswoodto the vestry of the parish re their decision to suspend Lewis Latanefrom his ministerial office; a hymn book belonging to John Latane; and, two letters about the weakening of the Church in Virginia.

The material is grouped into the following series: I. Correspondence; II. Business Papers; III. Legal Papers; IV. Miscellaneous; V. Bound Volumes; and, VI. Oversize.
Container List
◦Correspondence of the Latane family (in French) Box 1
1720-1730, n.d.
◦Correspondence of the Latane family Box 1
1720-1891, n.d.(5 folders)
•Business Papers
◦Accounts Box 1
1711-1851(3 folders)
◦Administrative and Estate Papers Box 1
◦Business Correspondence Box 1
1764-1866, n.d.
◦Business Papers Box 1
◦Business Papers Box 2
1780-1865, n.d.(2 folders)
◦Taxes Paid in Essex County Box 2
•Legal Papers
◦Indentures Box 2
1667-1867(2 folders)
◦Land Grants and Plats/Surveys Box 2
◦Legal Papers Box 2
◦Wills Box 2
◦Genealogy of the Latane and related families Box 2
◦ Jefferson Societyof the University of Virginia Address by James Allen Latane Box 2
1853 April
◦Memoranda Books Box 2
1707-1794, 1803
◦Military Papers Box 2
◦Miscellaneous Box 2
1700-1788, n.d.
◦Virginia Newspapers Box 2
1798, 1812
•Bound Volumes
◦Arithmetic Book of Henry Waring Latane Box 3
ca. 1721
◦ University of VirginiaMathematics Lectures, notes kept by James Allen Latane Box 3
◦University of Virginia Moral Philosophy Lectures, notes kept by James Allen Latane Box 3
◦University of Virginia Law School Lectures, notes kept by James Allen Latane and George Magruder Box 3
1851-1852, 1853-1854
◦Two Indentures between William Roaneand Mary Latane Oversize Box M-1
◦Certificates of graduation in French Language and Literature, Spanish Language, Latin Language, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Languages and Literature, and Chemistry from the University of Virginia for James Allen Latane Oversize Box M-1
◦Bachelor of Arts Diploma from the University of Virginia for James Allen Latane Oversize Box M-1
◦Certificates of graduation in General Chemistry and Physics from the University of Virginia for Henry Waring Latane Oversize Box M-1